|Effective Directions in Sequence||Examples|
|Step 1: Change state.||"If you can hear my voice, clap once." |
"If you can hear my voice, clap twice."
Soften your voice and say, "If you can hear my voice, look this way."
|Step 2: Explain relevance.||"Thank you for coming to attention so quickly. We have some important work to do today! I am confident that you will do well." |
"In the last lesson we did ___________ s a way of getting better at _________________. Today we will continue that process by doing ______________. This is going to help you become more skilled at _______________. So to review, the goal for this lesson is _________________. Let's get started!"
|Step 3: Be crystal clear.||"There are three steps to complete in order. |
Step 1: First, we will__________
Step 2: Second, we will_____________
Step 3: Third, we will________________"
|Step 4: Engage in multiple modalities.||"As you read the directions along with me, I will highlight the important words on the SMARTboard."|
|Step 5: Check for understanding.||"Turn to your neighbor and make sure you understand each step." |
|Step 6: Announce duration.||"I have set aside about _________(minutes, hours, days)for you to complete this work. You will have plenty of time to finish."|
|Step 7: Pair verbal commands with auditory start/stop signals.||"When I give the signal, you will __________. "(state first step of task).|
|Step 8: Provide backup.||Leave the written directions visible on board.|
|Step 9: Give fair warning.||"You have two minutes to finish your work."|
|Step 10: Acknowledge effort.||"Thank you for completing your task and coming to attention."|
From Teaching Boys Who Struggle in School: Strategies that Turn Underachievers into Successful Learners P.90-100
10 Strategies for Reaching Boys Who Struggle
- Build Trusting Relationships
- Follow These Guidelines for Classroom Policies
- Understand Boys' Basic Requests for Communicating
- Give Effective Directions
- Give Informational Feedback
- Use Affirming Statements
- Teach Pragmatic Communication Skills
- Increase Physical Comfort
- Apply the Principles of Active Learning
- Build Literacy Through Engaging Activities